Coeliac Disease Prevalence & Symptoms
Previously considered a paediatric gastrointestinal disease affecting Caucasian populations, CD is now recognised to affect all ethnic populations (2), primarily those of north European ancestry.
It is thought to affect approximately 1% of the UK population, and onset can occur at any age, but the diagnosis appears to be increasingly common in adulthood versus childhood- a ratio of 9:1 as described (3).
Symptoms vary and can be gastrointestinal or as a result of nutrient malabsorption (e.g. decreased bone mineral density or iron deficiency anaemia). However, it is becoming more common for individuals to be asymptomatic and present with non-classical coeliac disease (4).
Gastrointestinal Symptoms include:
- Bloating/ Distension
- Abdominal pain
- Steatorrhea (fatty, pale, oily stools as a result of fat malabsorption)
Other symptom include:
- Mouth ulcers
- Weight loss
- Dental enamel hypoplasia
- Infertility and miscarriages
- Delayed puberty
- Delay of menstruation
- Bone disorders – osteoporosis and osteopenia
- Poor concentration